Matthew 22

Matthew 22

The Parable of the Wedding Feast

22 And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, and sent his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding feast, but they would not come. Again he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “See, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have been slaughtered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding feast.”’ But they paid no attention and went off, one to his farm, another to his business, while the rest seized his servants, treated them shamefully, and killed them. The king was angry, and he sent his troops and destroyed those murderers and burned their city. Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding feast is ready, but those invited were not worthy. Go therefore to the main roads and invite to the wedding feast as many as you find.’ And those servants went out into the roads and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good. So the wedding hall was filled with guests.

“But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment. And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless. Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ For many are called, but few are chosen.”

Paying Taxes to Caesar

Then the Pharisees went and plotted how to entangle him in his words. And they sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that you are true and teach the way of God truthfully, and you do not care about anyone’s opinion, for you are not swayed by appearances. Tell us, then, what you think. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, “Why put me to the test, you hypocrites? Show me the coin for the tax.” And they brought him a denarius. And Jesus said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” They said, “Caesar’s.” Then he said to them, “Therefore render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” When they heard it, they marveled. And they left him and went away.

Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection

The same day Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection, and they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies having no children, his brother must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.’ Now there were seven brothers among us. The first married and died, and having no offspring left his wife to his brother. So too the second and third, down to the seventh. After them all, the woman died. In the resurrection, therefore, of the seven, whose wife will she be? For they all had her.”

But Jesus answered them, “You are wrong, because you know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. And as for the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was said to you by God: ‘I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not God of the dead, but of the living.” And when the crowd heard it, they were astonished at his teaching.

The Great Commandment

But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together. And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him. “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” And he said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”

Whose Son Is the Christ?

Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” They said to him, “The son of David.” He said to them, “How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying,

  “‘The Lord said to my Lord,
  “Sit at my right hand,
    until I put your enemies under your feet”’?

If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?” And no one was able to answer him a word, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more questions.


Matthew 22 Commentary

by Brad Boyles

The Sadducees and Pharisees were always playing games with Jesus. They, like some today, thought they could outsmart God.

Here in Matthew 22, we find some intense back-and-forth debating from the teachers of the law. As we discussed a few chapters back, the Sadducees did not believe in the resurrection. This riddle they pose to Jesus starting in verse 24 was no doubt used against their religious rivals – The Pharisees. The Sadducees thought of themselves as prestigious and loved to argue. Jesus plainly tells them – you are wrong. Because they had not accepted the Word of God, they had limited their own understanding of the supernatural. As Paul writes, “their minds had become darkened.”

After Jesus silences the Sadducees, the Pharisees take their turn. They question Jesus on the laws and He answers with the greatest commandments – love God and love people. When you consider the Ten Commandments, you can see how plainly these two phrases sum up the law and the prophets. The first four commandments deal with love for God and the last six deal with our responsibilities toward others.

Finally, Jesus has a question for the Pharisees. He wants to know, regarding the Christ, whose son is He? The correct answer is God’s Son. This is the answer which has been illustrated time and time again directly before the Pharisees’ eyes. The most popular phrase for the Messiah in that time was Son of David. This is the Pharisees’ response. This simple answer reveals a very big theological ideal. The Pharisees did not believe the Christ to be divine, but merely an upgraded David. They would not admit that Jesus was this man, but more importantly, they would not admit that He was God in the flesh.

It’s so important to understand that this singular point is what divides humanity when it comes to Jesus Christ. He is universally considered a real man who lived during the first century. He is universally considered a good man who preached truth and did lots of good works. He is universally considered a wise man who was well-respected as a teacher and rabbi. However, when it comes to admitting to the claim that He was God in the flesh, many will scoff and demand “evidence.” This is the reason why so many hated Him then, and why so many hate Him today. Notice, most of the Pharisees still didn’t believe even when the evidence stood before them in person.

As Christians, this is the foundation of our faith. The sinless lamb of God was placed on the cross in order to atone for our life of sin. The only way we know this with certainty is through the precious gift of faith. We do not come on our own, but are drawn by Him. Our goal as Christians shouldn’t be to provide endless amounts of evidence, but to enthusiastically represent Christ’s characteristics and pray that others would have “eyes to see.”

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