Isaiah 63

Isaiah 63

The Lord’s Day of Vengeance

63   Who is this who comes from Edom,
    in crimsoned garments from Bozrah,
  he who is splendid in his apparel,
    marching in the greatness of his strength?
  “It is I, speaking in righteousness,
    mighty to save.”
  Why is your apparel red,
    and your garments like his who treads in the winepress?
  “I have trodden the winepress alone,
    and from the peoples no one was with me;
  I trod them in my anger
    and trampled them in my wrath;
  their lifeblood spattered on my garments,
    and stained all my apparel.
  For the day of vengeance was in my heart,
    and my year of redemption had come.
  I looked, but there was no one to help;
    I was appalled, but there was no one to uphold;
  so my own arm brought me salvation,
    and my wrath upheld me.
  I trampled down the peoples in my anger;
    I made them drunk in my wrath,
    and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth.”

The Lord’s Mercy Remembered

  I will recount the steadfast love of the LORD,
    the praises of the LORD,
  according to all that the LORD has granted us,
    and the great goodness to the house of Israel
  that he has granted them according to his compassion,
    according to the abundance of his steadfast love.
  For he said, “Surely they are my people,
    children who will not deal falsely.”
    And he became their Savior.
  In all their affliction he was afflicted,
    and the angel of his presence saved them;
  in his love and in his pity he redeemed them;
    he lifted them up and carried them all the days of old.
  But they rebelled
    and grieved his Holy Spirit;
  therefore he turned to be their enemy,
    and himself fought against them.
  Then he remembered the days of old,
    of Moses and his people.
  Where is he who brought them up out of the sea
    with the shepherds of his flock?
  Where is he who put in the midst of them
    his Holy Spirit,
  who caused his glorious arm
    to go at the right hand of Moses,
  who divided the waters before them
    to make for himself an everlasting name,
    who led them through the depths?
  Like a horse in the desert,
    they did not stumble.
  Like livestock that go down into the valley,
    the Spirit of the LORD gave them rest.
  So you led your people,
    to make for yourself a glorious name.

Prayer for Mercy

  Look down from heaven and see,
    from your holy and beautiful habitation.
  Where are your zeal and your might?
    The stirring of your inner parts and your compassion
    are held back from me.
  For you are our Father,
    though Abraham does not know us,
    and Israel does not acknowledge us;
  you, O LORD, are our Father,
    our Redeemer from of old is your name.
  O LORD, why do you make us wander from your ways
    and harden our heart, so that we fear you not?
  Return for the sake of your servants,
    the tribes of your heritage.
  Your holy people held possession for a little while;
    our adversaries have trampled down your sanctuary.
  We have become like those over whom you have never ruled,
    like those who are not called by your name.


Isaiah 63 Commentary

by Brad Boyles

At the beginning of Isaiah 63, we find a familiar theme in Scripture. There is someone with blood-stained clothes who is robed in splendor and striding forward in the greatness of strength. This can be none other than Jesus Christ. He is the blood-stained Warrior who will claim victory over His enemies. How do we know it is Christ and how do we know it is describing Him being victorious over His enemies?

Edom is mentioned because it was frequently used as a metaphor for Israel’s enemies (Psalm 137:7; Lamentations 4:21-22; Ezekiel 25:12; 35:1-5, Obadiah 13-14). Edom was famous for its wine-making and Bozrah was one of the most famous towns in Edom. On top of this, the pronoun “I” which is used in verse 3 also refers to Christ in Revelation 19. Put this all together and you can begin to see what the symbolism is communicating.

“I trampled the winepress alone, and no one from the nations was with me. I trampled them in my anger and ground them underfoot in my fury; their blood spattered my garments, and all my clothes were stained.”

Isaiah 63:3 CSB

With graphic imagery, Isaiah paints a picture of Christ pressing out the juice of the winepress.

“His victory is pictured as a farmer pressing out the juice on the winepress. Christ’s first miracle on earth was turning water into wine; His last victory before establishing His kingdom on earth will be treading out the winepress of His wrath.”

Warren Wiersbe

In the following verses, we read exactly why Jesus had to do this. He is defending Israel. He is redeeming His people.

“I will make known the LORD’s faithful love and the LORD’s praiseworthy acts, because of all the LORD has done for us—even the many good things he has done for the house of Israel, which he did for them based on his compassion and the abundance of his faithful love. [8] He said, “They are indeed my people, children who will not be disloyal,” and he became their Savior.”

Isaiah 63:7-8 CSB

If you remember, when Jesus came the first time He wept as He looked over the city of Jerusalem. He mourned Israel’s rejection of their Messiah.

“As he approached and saw the city, he wept for it, [42] saying, “If you knew this day what would bring peace—but now it is hidden from your eyes. [43] For the days will come on you when your enemies will build a barricade around you, surround you, and hem you in on every side. [44] They will crush you and your children among you to the ground, and they will not leave one stone on another in your midst, because you did not recognize the time when God visited you.””

Luke 19:41-44 CSB

Here in Isaiah 63, Jesus cries out in prayer for Israel. It has been a long time coming. This time, Jesus is returning as judge and conqueror. He will allow nothing to stand in the way of redemption for Israel. The rest of the verses recount the history of Israel and the fact that Jesus was there as a witness to it all. He understands their affliction and their shortcomings.

The prayer here is an acknowledgment of sin and a plea for help. It’s a call for Jesus. Just like Israel, we need an advocate who can wipe away our sinful ways forever. This is the heart of the prayer at the end of this chapter and it should reflect our own heart today. We are so blessed to be on the other side of Jesus’ sacrifice. We no longer have to call out to God for a mediator because He has already come!

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