Acts 22

Acts 22

22 “Brothers and fathers, hear the defense that I now make before you.”

And when they heard that he was addressing them in the Hebrew language, they became even more quiet. And he said:

“I am a Jew, born in Tarsus in Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated at the feet of Gamaliel according to the strict manner of the law of our fathers, being zealous for God as all of you are this day. I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and delivering to prison both men and women, as the high priest and the whole council of elders can bear me witness. From them I received letters to the brothers, and I journeyed toward Damascus to take those also who were there and bring them in bonds to Jerusalem to be punished.

“As I was on my way and drew near to Damascus, about noon a great light from heaven suddenly shone around me. And I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?’ And I answered, ‘Who are you, Lord?’ And he said to me, ‘I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom you are persecuting.’ Now those who were with me saw the light but did not understand the voice of the one who was speaking to me. And I said, ‘What shall I do, Lord?’ And the Lord said to me, ‘Rise, and go into Damascus, and there you will be told all that is appointed for you to do.’ And since I could not see because of the brightness of that light, I was led by the hand by those who were with me, and came into Damascus.

“And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, well spoken of by all the Jews who lived there, came to me, and standing by me said to me, ‘Brother Saul, receive your sight.’ And at that very hour I received my sight and saw him. And he said, ‘The God of our fathers appointed you to know his will, to see the Righteous One and to hear a voice from his mouth; for you will be a witness for him to everyone of what you have seen and heard. And now why do you wait? Rise and be baptized and wash away your sins, calling on his name.’

“When I had returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, I fell into a trance and saw him saying to me, ‘Make haste and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about me.’ And I said, ‘Lord, they themselves know that in one synagogue after another I imprisoned and beat those who believed in you. And when the blood of Stephen your witness was being shed, I myself was standing by and approving and watching over the garments of those who killed him.’ And he said to me, ‘Go, for I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’

Paul and the Roman Tribune

Up to this word they listened to him. Then they raised their voices and said, “Away with such a fellow from the earth! For he should not be allowed to live.” And as they were shouting and throwing off their cloaks and flinging dust into the air, the tribune ordered him to be brought into the barracks, saying that he should be examined by flogging, to find out why they were shouting against him like this. But when they had stretched him out for the whips, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by, “Is it lawful for you to flog a man who is a Roman citizen and uncondemned?” When the centurion heard this, he went to the tribune and said to him, “What are you about to do? For this man is a Roman citizen.” So the tribune came and said to him, “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?” And he said, “Yes.” The tribune answered, “I bought this citizenship for a large sum.” Paul said, “But I am a citizen by birth.” So those who were about to examine him withdrew from him immediately, and the tribune also was afraid, for he realized that Paul was a Roman citizen and that he had bound him.

Paul Before the Council

But on the next day, desiring to know the real reason why he was being accused by the Jews, he unbound him and commanded the chief priests and all the council to meet, and he brought Paul down and set him before them.


Acts 22 Commentary

by Brad Boyles

Paul never wastes an opportunity to talk about the Gospel. Whether he’s imprisoned, being beaten, being interrogated, or just passing through a town; he was diligent to look for these opportunities. What helped him immensely was the fact that he was a Jew, (Pharisee as he says), as well as a Roman citizen. This helped him to get out of some sticky situations and allowed him to truly be all things to all men.

The part of Paul’s speech that fascinates me is that he knows he is going to be captured and beaten. The Holy Spirit just prophesied that it would happen, and he went to Jerusalem anyway. So, he knows exactly what he is walking into.

Combine these two thoughts together and what you have is a man who knows suffering is coming but is still using every opportunity to preach the Gospel and save lives. There were many good reasons not to preach to these people with the way they treated him. No one would have questioned him if he would have played it safe and avoided going to Jerusalem. Yet, he trusts in Christ so much, that he puts himself in harm’s way so that the Gospel can move forward. Furthermore, he preaches to a rebellious crowd who wants him dead.

At the end of this chapter, when the Roman guards heard Paul speak, they realized he was not the Egyptian assassin who came to Jerusalem in AD 54 claiming to be a prophet. It is a bizarre story in which this Egyptian led 4,000 Jews up to the Mount of Olives and claimed that he could make the walls of Jerusalem fall down while also destroying the Roman Empire. Felix was the governor at the time and he ordered his men to attack. Many Jews were killed in the battle but this Egyptian slipped away into the desert.

Maybe it’s just me, but I find Paul’s actions to be so counter-cultural to the lives many of us Christians live today. It can be difficult preaching to people who actually like you, let alone people who hate your guts! But most of us avoid situations like this. Is it true we would rather be comfortable and safe than sacrifice our lives for the Gospel message? Would you have gone to Jerusalem after such a warning?

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